The caiman in the new exhibit dedicated to Amazonia was not taken away from its natural habitat, but was born in a controlled environment.
This is another great innovation presented by Cattolica Aquarium on its new Yellow Itinerary, with fascinating and dangerous animals that can be admired in a new environment dedicated exclusively to them.
The Dwarf Caiman, or Paleosuchus palpebrosus, is perhaps the world’s smallest crocodile species. Adult exemplars rarely exceed the length of 1.5 metres, with a maximum weight of about 15 kg. Females are usually smaller and have a lower weight.
The dwarf caiman is a reptile of the Alligatoridae family. Its colour can vary from brown to black, with variations in shade and black bands. Younger animals are generally more distinctly and brightly coloured, becoming darker as they grow older, until they are almost totally black. In this species, the iris of the eye is brown in colour, and not green. Its body is covered with bony plates.
The mouth of the dwarf caiman has about 80 teeth, with extremely powerful jaws.
Female dwarf caimans lay about 15 eggs at a time during the rainy season on special mounds built from mud and vegetation, with the incubation lasting from 90 to 92 days. The distribution area of the dwarf caiman is in South America, where it prefers flooded forests and stagnant pools.
A total population in the wild of around one million of these caimans has been estimated, and for this reason it was listed as a protected CITES species in 1973.